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Personal profile



Dr Diana Miranda is a Lecturer in Criminology and Criminal Justice. Her research aligns criminological and sociological approaches to understanding emerging biometric and data driven technologies (eg. AI and machine learning). In particular, she explores how surveillance impacts our bodies and identities through processes of technologically mediated suspicion: in criminal investigation, predictive policing, smart cities, security of borders and prisons.


Her research projects range from the use of visual surveillance technologies (such as body-worn cameras and facial recognition), to the use of identification technologies in the Criminal Justice System (from fingerprints to photographs and DNA profiles). More recently, a ground-breaking international research project (Emotional AI in Cities: Cross Cultural Lessons from UK and Japan on Designing for An Ethical Life) was funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) in the UK and the Japan Science and Technology Agency in Japan (£710,000). In this project, Dr Miranda will explore the use of emotional AI in policing and security and understand citizens’ attitudes towards the use of these technologies in smart cities. For more information see here.


Dr Diana Miranda has published widely on leading international journals such as Criminology and Criminal Justice, Policing and Society and Surveillance and Society. She has been an invited speaker to present her research findings internationally (eg. in Japan). Her research has also been presented in numerous conferences, namely EUROCRIM, The European Group for the Study of Deviance and Social Control, SSN, BSA, etc. She has contributed expert evidence to the Scottish Government on biometric data and the use of facial recognition in policing. Her work is published in English and Portuguese and it has informed different Criminal Justice institutions in both the UK and Portugal.


She is currently involved in the delivery of the BSc (Hons) Criminology, Criminology and Sociology, Professional Policing and the Police Constable Degree Apprenticeship. She held teaching and research positions in prestigious universities across Europe, namely other leading Criminology departments in the UK (such as Keele University and Birkbeck – University of London).


Research interests

Biometrics; Body and Identity; Identification Technologies; Body-worn cameras; Facial Recognition; Suspicion; Surveillance; Visual; Policing; Ethical Practice; Forensics and STS; AI and machine learning; Smart city; Visual and Digital Criminology; Imprisonment; Qualitative research methods; 

Research Projects


2020-2023: Emotional AI in Cities: Cross Cultural Lessons from UK and Japan on Designing for An Ethical Life (Co-I, ESRC) with Bangor University, Edinburgh University, Chuo University, Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, Meiji University. (£710,000)


2018-2019: The use of BWCs on police-public encounters (PI, Research Strategy Fund Keele) with 2 British police forces (£2,015)


2016-2017: Ethical Practice in Policing (Research Fellow, Police Knowledge Fund) with 3 British Police forces - Centre for Policing Research and Learning (The Open University)


2015-2016: MOMI - Missed Opportunities in Maternal and Infant Health (Research Associate, FP7)


2011-2015: Criminal identification technologies: trajectories, uses and practices through different perspectives (Doctoral Research, funding from the FCT (Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology) within the grant SFRH/BD/70055/2010) (€ 60,000)


2009-2010: Mothers and fathers after the "biological truth"? Gender, inequalities and parental roles in the cases of investigation of paternity (Research Assistant, Funding FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-008483)


2008-2009: Crime Scene Investigation (CSI) Behind Bars (Research Assistant, Funding UMINHO/BII/045/2009)


Education/Academic qualification

Sociology, PhD

Sep 2011Dec 2015

Award Date: 19 Jan 2017

Criminology, PGDip

Sep 2010Jul 2011

Sociology, BA (Hons)

Sep 2006Jul 2009


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