Personal profile


I am an Assistant Professor in Criminology and teach Undergraduate students on Criminology and Policing degrees, as well as student officers on the Police Constable Degree Apprenticeship (PCDA) and the Degree Holder Entry Programme (DHEP). I joined Northumbria University as a Research Fellow on an ESRC-funded Visible Policing project in 2019. I previously worked in Justice Analytical Services (JAS) at The Scottish Government (2017-2018). Here, I undertook a project titled ‘Public in the police and satisfaction during encounters’ and created a Public Confidence steering group in Scotland. My doctoral thesis examined the dynamics of police legitimacy and social media in Scotland (2015-2020).

I have researched and published solo and co-authored articles on police legitimacy, technology and social media in policing, democratic policing, visible policing, policing sports, and homicide investigations. Recently, I published an Introduction to Policing textbook (4th Edition) with colleagues Professor Mike Rowe and Dr Ali Malik.

Main research interests: policing, police legitimacy, public confidence, technology, and social media

Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Education/Academic qualification

Criminology, PhD, The dynamics of police legitimacy and social media in Scotland, Edinburgh Napier University

Oct 2015Jul 2020

Award Date: 1 Jul 2020

Criminology, MRes, University of Glasgow

1 Sept 20141 Sept 2015

Award Date: 1 Sept 2015

Criminology, BA (Hons), Edinburgh Napier University

1 Sept 20101 Apr 2014

Award Date: 1 Apr 2014


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Collaborations and top research areas from the last five years

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