Opportunities for Transplantation of Political Institutions in Technology Trade: Results of Network Analysis in a Comparative Perspective. результаты сетевого анализа в сравнительной перспективе

Aleksei Turobov*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Исследование направлено на анализ сетевой структуры торговых отношений 38 стран в контексте влияния международной торговли на трансплантацию институтов. Установлено, что режимность практически не играет роли для торговых отношений. Авторитарные государства не выглядят «изгоями», а вполне активно
учувствуют в международных торговых связях, не подвергая внутренний авторитарный режим угрозам.
The study aims to analyze the network structure of trade relations in 38 countries and is based on data from the World Trade Organization. The popular concept of digitalization drives the focus of the study on technology trade. Comparative logic is implemented by analyzing networks for two time periods: 2013 and 2019. The analysis of trade networks of countries allows resolving the existing contradiction about the impact of international trade on the institutions' transplantation. On the one hand, it argues that international trade enhances the transplantation of institutions and leads to democratization. On the other, it claims that authoritarian regimes can apply and develop technologies without exposing their own regime to change threats.
As a result, it was established that the autocracies occupied positions similar to those of democracies in both periods. The Russian Federation occupies a leading position in the network structure of trade relations. There is no isolating attitude towards autocracies; moreover, a regime practically does not play a role in trade relations. Over the past six years, the countries' positions in trade relations have not changed despite a radical change in the political discourse regarding the Russian Federation and China.
The results of the network analysis allowed mapping the international technology trade landscape. Authoritarian states are not "outcasts" but rather active participants in international trade relations without exposing the internal authoritarian regime to threats (the regime's adaptation and the stability of authoritarian institutions). In other words, "business is business" despite the regime differences.
Another assumption of the study was that the transplanting process of authoritarian institutions is more successful than transplanting democratic institutions. This assumption requires an independent and more detailed study in the future. However, it has an empirical basis and looks promising in the context of the explanatory power of modern political processes in different countries.
Translated title of the contributionOpportunities for Transplantation of Political Institutions in Technology Trade: Results of Network Analysis in a Comparative Perspective.
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)310-327
Number of pages18
JournalTomsk State University Journal of Philosophy, Sociology and Political Science
Issue number65
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes

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