1D fullerene C60micro/nano fibers synthesized by liquid-liquid interfacial precipitation method

Guangzhe Piao*, Yongtao Qu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

C60 is a well-known fullerene prototype; zero-dimensional structure has been generally accepted for C60 fullerene. Through simple and easy-to-control method, 1D fullerene C60micro/nano fibers (FNFs) were successfully prepared by liquid-liquid interfacial precipitation using toluene, m-xylene, pyridine and/or N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) as solvents and isopropyl alcohol as precipitation agent. There is a systematic correlation between the type of the solvents and the final structures of the C60 FNFs prepared using LLIP. When the solvents were toluene and m-xylene, solid C60 fullerene nanowhiskers (FNWs) were easily synthesized. On the other hand, the fullerene C60micro/nano tubes (FNTs) were grown in the C60-pyridine solution or C60-NMP solution which was exposed to the visible light. The type of solvents plays a critical role in the formation of the final structure of C60 FNFs. Self assembled by zero dimensional fullerenes,FNFs, who maintain the conjugated p-electron structure of fullerene and features of one dimensional materials, showpromising novel optoelectronic and magnetic properties.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook on Fullerene
Subtitle of host publicationSynthesis, Properties and Applications
PublisherNova Science Publishers
Pages457-472
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9781621004295
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012
Externally publishedYes

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