A blueprint of state-of-the-art techniques for detecting quasi-periodic pulsations in solar and stellar flares

Anne-Marie Broomhall, James Davenport, Laura Hayes, Andrew Inglis, Dmitri Kolotkov, James McLaughlin, Tishtrya Mehta, Valery Nakariakov, Yuta Notsu, David Pascoe, Chloe Pugh, Tom Van Doorsselaere

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Abstract

Quasi-periodic pulsations (QPPs) appear to be a common feature observed in the light curves of both solar and stellar ares. However, their quasi-periodic nature, along with the facts that they can be small in amplitude and short-lived, make QPPs difficult to unequivocally detect. In this paper, we test the strengths and limitations of state-of-the-art methods for detecting QPPs using a series of hare-and-hounds exercises. The hare simulated a set of ares, both with and without QPPs of a variety of forms, while the hounds attempted to detect QPPs in blind tests. We use the results of these exercises to create a blueprint for anyone who wishes to detect QPPs in real solar and stellar data. We present eight, clear recommendations to be kept in mind for future QPP detections, with the plethora of solar and stellar are data from new and future satellites. These recommendations address the key pitfalls in QPP detection, including detrending, trimming data, accounting for coloured noise, detecting stationary-period QPPs, detecting QPP with non-stationary periods, and ensuring detections are robust and false detections are minimized. We find that QPPs can be detected reliably and robustly by a variety of methods, which are clearly identied and described, if the appropriate care and due diligence is taken.
Original languageEnglish
Article number44
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume244
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Oct 2019

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