A comparison of joint models for longitudinal and competing risks data, with application to an epilepsy drug randomized controlled trial

Graeme Hickey, Pete Philipson, Andrea Jorgensen, Ruwanthi Kolamunnage-Dona

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
24 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Joint modelling of longitudinal data and competing risks has grown over the past decade. Despite the recent methodological developments, there are still limited options for fitting these models in standard statistical software programs, which prohibits their adoption by applied biostatisticians. We summarise four published models, each of which has software available for model estimation. Each model features a different hazard function, latent association structure between the submodels, estimation approach, and software implementation. Of the four models considered here, the model specifications and association structures are substantially different, thus complicating model-to-model comparison.
The models are applied to the SANAD trial of anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) to investigate the effect of drug titration on the treatment effects of lamotrigine (LTG) and carbamazepine (CBZ) on the mode of treatment failure. Notwithstanding the vastly different association structures, we show that the inference from each model is consistent; namely, that there is a beneficial effect of LTG on unacceptable adverse events over CBZ, and a non-significant effect on the hazard of inadequate seizure control. The association between AED titration and treatment failure was significant in most models.
To allow for the routine adoption of joint modelling of competing risks and longitudinal data in the analysis of clinical datasets, further work is required on the development of model diagnostics to aid model choice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1105-1123
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A: Statistics in Society
Volume181
Issue number4
Early online date9 Jan 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018

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