A Facile Surface Preservation Strategy for the Lithium Anode for High-Performance Li-O 2 Batteries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

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External departments

  • Guilin University of Technology
  • Changzhou University

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27316-27326
Number of pages11
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume12
Issue number24
Early online date21 May 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jun 2020
Publication type

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Protecting an anode from deterioration during charging/discharging has been seen as one of the key strategies in achieving high-performance lithium (Li)-O 2 batteries and other Li-metal batteries with a high energy density. Here, we describe a facile approach to prevent the Li anode from dendritic growth and chemical corrosion by constructing a SiO 2/GO hybrid thin layer on the surface. The uniform pore-preserving layer can conduct Li ions in the stripping/plating process, leading to an effective alleviation of the dendritic growth of Li by guiding the ion flux through the microstructure. Such a preservation technique significantly enhances the cell performance by enabling the Li-O 2 cell to cycle up to 348 times at 1 A·g -1 with a capacity of 1000 mA·h·g -1, which is several times the cycles of cells with pristine Li (58 cycles), Li-GO (166 cycles), and Li-SiO 2 (187 cycles). Moreover, the rate performance is improved, and the ultimate capacity of the cell is dramatically increased from 5400 to 25,200 mA·h·g -1. This facile technology is robust and conforms to the Li surface, which demonstrates its potential applications in developing future high-performance and long lifespan Li batteries in a cost-effective fashion.

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