A constraint analysis of the Kepler problem with an integrated version of the Kustaanheimo-Steifel transformation gives a first-class constraint which generates a symmetry of the extended variables. The transformation is used in a functional approach to the quantum theory, showing that the transformed lagrangian is related to that of a 4-dimensional harmonic oscillator, with the functional integration over a restricted function space. Basis functions for this space are given in terms of two 2-dimensional harmonic oscillators with equal angular momentum quantum numbers, and are invariant under contact transformations generated by the first-class constraint.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Annals of Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 1 May 1987|