A Head/Taillight Featuring Hybrid Planar Visible Light Communications/Millimetre Wave Antenna for Vehicular Communications

Mojtaba Mansour Abadi, Pavel Hazdra, Jan Bohata, Petr Chvojka, Paul Anthony Haigh, Zabih Ghassemlooy, Stanislav Zvanovec

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Abstract

With the emergence of the fifth generation and beyond mobile networks, both visible light communications (VLC) and radio frequency (RF) or millimetre wave (mmW) systems are expected to maintain the connectivity in various environments. In outdoor environments the link (VLC or RF) availability is paramount, which is affected by channel conditions. In particular, in vehicular communications other vehicles, harsh environment, and road geometry and structure will have the impact on the link connectivity and availability. In such cases, a front-end antenna solution, which benefits both optical and RF communication links, can be seen as an attractive option that can be fitted in future vehicles. In this paper, we present the design and practical implementation of a planar hybrid VLC/mmW antenna operating at 20.8 GHz and show measured results for characterization of RF and VLC links as well as communications performance. We have used the widely adopted on-off keying and quadrature amplitude modulation schemes with different orders to demonstrate data rates of 5 Mb/s and up to 100 Mb/s for the VLC and mmW links, respectively. By measuring the bit error rate and the error vector magnitude for VLC and Rf links, respectively for each modulation we have shown that the proposed hybrid planar antenna is suitable for example in a typical vehicle -to-vehicle communications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9133057
Pages (from-to)135722-135729
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Access
Volume8
Early online date3 Jul 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Aug 2020

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