A hierarchical scheduling framework for resilience enhancement of decentralized renewable-based microgrids considering proactive actions and mobile units

Seyed Amir Mansouri*, Emad Nematbakhsh, Amir Ahmarinejad, Ahmad Rezaee Jordehi, Mohammad Sadegh Javadi, Mousa Marzband

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nowadays, decentralized microgrids (DC-MGs) have become a popular topic due to the effectiveness and the less complexity. In fact, DC-MGs resist to share their internal information with the distribution system operator (DSO) to protect their privacy and compete in the electricity market. Further, lack of information sharing among MGs in normal operation conditions leads to form a competitive market. However, in emergency operation conditions, it results numerous challenges in managing network outages. Therefore, this paper presents a hierarchical model consisting of three stages to enhance the resilience of DC-MGs. In all stages, the network outage management is performed considering the reported data of MGs. In the first stage, proactive actions are performed with the aim of increasing the network readiness against the upcoming windstorm. In the second stage, generation scheduling, allocation of mobile units and distribution feeder reconfiguration (DFR) are operated by DSO to minimize operating costs. In the final stage, the repair crew is allocated to minimize the ‎energy not served (ENS).‎ Uncertainties of load demand, wind speed and solar radiation are considered, and the effectiveness of the proposed model is investigated by integrating to the 118-bus distribution network. Finally, the results of the simulation indicate that DFR and proactive actions decrease the ENS by 19,124 kWh and 4,101 kWh, respectively. Further, the sharing of information among MGs leads to a 48.16% growth in the supply service level to critical loads, and consequently a 3.47% increase in the resilience index.
Original languageEnglish
Article number112854
Number of pages23
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume168
Early online date27 Aug 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2022

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