A human model of bilateral pulmonary vein sampling to assess the effects of one-lung ventilation on neutrophil function

Wendy Funston*, Marie-Hélène Ruchaud-Sparagano, Jonathan Scott, Jason Powell, Faye A. H. Cooles, Lauren Shelmerdine, Cliona McDowell, Denis O’Leary, Karen L. Booth, Stephen C. Clark, Simon J. Ledingham, Anthony J. Rostron, John H. Dark, A. John Simpson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Neutrophil activation drives lung complications after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Evidence suggests the healthy, ventilated lung may beneficially re-condition pro-inflammatory neutrophils. However, evidence in humans is lacking, due to a paucity of good models. CPB with simultaneous central venous and bilateral pulmonary vein sampling provides an opportunity to model effects of one-lung ventilation. The study’s primary objectives were to establish a model of intra-operative, bilateral pulmonary vein sampling and to determine whether neutrophil function differed after passing through inflated or deflated lungs.
Methods: Seventeen patients having “on pump” coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with one-lung ventilation (in two cohorts with tidal volume 2ml kg-1 and FiO2 0.21, or tidal volume 4 ml kg-1 and FiO2 0.5 respectively) were recruited. Cohort 1 consisted of 9 patients (7 male, median age 62.0 years) and Cohort 2 consisted of 8 male patients (median age 65.5 years). Recruitment was via prospective screening of scheduled elective and non-elective CABG procedures with cardiopulmonary bypass. Each patient had five blood samples taken—central venous blood pre-operatively; central venous blood pre-CPB; central venous blood post-CPB; pulmonary venous blood draining the ventilated lung post-CPB; and pulmonary venous blood draining the deflated lung post-CPB. Neutrophil phagocytosis and priming status were quantified. Plasma cytokines were measured.
Results: Phagocytosis and priming were not significantly different in neutrophils returning from the ventilated lung as compared to the non-ventilated lung. Plasma IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 were significantly elevated by CPB.
Conclusions: The intra-operative, bilateral pulmonary vein sampling model provides unique opportunities to assess biological effects of interventions to one lung, with the other lung acting as an internal control. Single-lung ventilation during CPB had no significant effects on neutrophil function.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0271958
Number of pages15
JournalPLoS One
Volume17
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jul 2022

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