A hybrid indirect evaporative cooling-mechanical vapor compression process for energy-efficient air conditioning

Qian Chen*, M. Kum Ja, Muhammad Burhan, Faheem Hassan Akhtar, Muhammad Wakil Shahzad, Doskhan Ybyraiymkul, Kim Choon Ng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)
91 Downloads (Pure)


The indirect evaporative cooler (IEC) is deemed an effective and sustainable alternative to existing mechanical vapor compression (MVC) chillers in cooling applications. However, IEC is a passive cooler that has no effective control over the supply air temperature and humidity. Also, the performance of IEC degrades severely when the humidity of the air is high. To overcome these limitations, we investigate a hybrid process that connects IEC and MVC in tandem. The outdoor air is firstly pre-cooled in the IEC by recovering energy from the room exhaust air, and then it is further processed to the desired condition using MVC. Such a hybrid IEC-MVC process benefits from IEC's high energy efficiency and MVC's capability of humidity and temperature control. A pilot IEC unit with the cross-flow configuration is firstly constructed and tested under assorted outdoor air conditions. Employing the room exhaust air as the working air in the wet channels, the IEC simultaneously cools and dehumidifies the outdoor air. Under the operating conditions considered, the outdoor air temperature can be reduced by 6–15 °C, and the humidity ratio drops by 0.5–4 g/kg. The coefficient of performance (COP) for IEC is 6–16, leading to an overall COP of 4.96–6.05 for the hybrid IEC-MVC process. Compared with a standalone MVC, the electricity consumption can be reduced by 19–135%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114798
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Early online date29 Sept 2021
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2021


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