A laser-locked hollow waveguide gas sensor for simultaneous meas-urements of CO2 isotopologues with high accuracy, precision and sensitivity

Yang Liu, Tao Wu*, Qiang Wu, Weidong Chen, Chenwen Ye, Mengyu Wang, Xing-Dao He

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A laser frequency-locked hollow waveguide (HWG) gas sensor is demonstrated for simultaneous measurements of three isotopologues (12CO2, 13CO2, and 18OC16O) using wavelength modulation spectroscopy with a 2.73 μm distributed feedback laser. The first harmonic (1f) signal at the sampling point where the peak of the second harmonic (2f) signal was located was employed as the locking point to lock the laser frequency to the transition center of 13CO2, while the absorption lines of 12CO2 and 18OC16O were being scanned. Continuous measurements of the three isotopologues of 4.7% CO2 samples over 103 min under free running and frequency locking conditions were performed. The measurement accuracy and precision of the three isotopologues achieved under the frequency locking condition were at least 3 times and 1.3 times better than those obtained under the free running condition, respectively. The Allan variance plot of the developed laser-locked HWG gas sensor shows a detection limit of 0.72‰ for both δ13C and δ18O under the frequency locking condition with a long stability time of 766 s. This study demonstrated the high potential of a novel human breath diagnostic sensor for medical diagnostic with high accuracy, precision, and sensitivity and without frequently repeated calibration.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15468–15473
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume93
Issue number46
Early online date12 Nov 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Nov 2021

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