A Mixed Method Approach to Investigate the Lack of Lean Manufacturing Implementation in Libya

Mohamed Abduelmula, Martin Birkett, Chris Connor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Lean manufacturing systems have been established to remove or diminish manufacturing waste and thus increase operational performance in manufacturing practices. The concept of lean thinking originated from the Toyota production system that determined the value-added activities or steps from non-value added activities or steps; and removing waste so that all phases add value to the process. This study examines the quality management processes which are utilized by Libyan manufacturing companies, and offers a methodology to develop a lean manufacturing framework. The literature review identified very few studies relevant to the use of quality improvement techniques in Libya; and no previous studies related specifically to waste reduction and lean systems, and the barriers that prevent lean manufacturing from being implemented in Libyan manufacturing companies. There are several difficulties that are facing lean manufacturing implementation in Libya such as lack of top management support, poor awareness of the importance of the system from workers, absence of lean training programs, and inadequate infrastructure and economic support. This paper presents types of mixed methods designs and the benefits of using them and the research methodology to develop an understanding in order to determine the barriers behind the lack of lean manufacturing implementation in the Libyan manufacturing sector. Having an understanding of the difficulties that face the implementation of lean manufacturing systems, as a new and modern system and using this to develop a suitable framework will help to improve the manufacturing sector in Libya.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-116
JournalInternational Journal of Technology and Engineering Studies
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jun 2017


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