A multi-response optimization of the multi-directional forging process for aluminium 7075 alloy using grey-based taguchi method

C. Obara*, F. M. Mwema, J. N. Keraita, H. Shagwira, J. O. Obiko

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

The multi-directional forging process of aluminium alloy 7075 (AA 7075) is studied using Deform 3D Version 11.0 simulation software. This process results in grain refinement in the bulk material. The 7075 aluminium alloy is used widely in the aerospace and automobile industries. Thermomechanical processing affects the mechanical properties of this alloy. This study focuses on optimising process parameters that affect the multi-directional forging using simulation. In the Taguchi design of experiment, four-factors and five levels are selected. The process input parameters considered are temperature, the strain per pass, the plunger speed, and the friction coefficient (μ). From Taguchi’s orthogonal array, forging simulations are undertaken and analysed. The significance of the process output parameters: material damage, stress and strain are analysed by analysis of variance. The results show that the friction coefficient and strain per pass highly affect the stress/strain distribution. Grey relational analysis is adopted to determine the optimum process parameters. The results show that the optimal combination of parameters is: temperature (200 °C), plunger speed (5 mm/s), friction coefficient (0.6), and strain per pass (0.6). Confirmation of simulation is carried out using the optimum input parameters. From the simulation results, the grey relational grade's optimal parameters have the highest maximum effective strain of 5.57, maximum effective stress of 665 MPa, and maximum damage of 0.416 compared to other simulated results.

Original languageEnglish
Article number596
Number of pages20
JournalSN Applied Sciences
Volume3
Issue number6
Early online date1 May 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes

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