Previous work on iris recognition focused on either visible light (VL), near-infrared (NIR) imaging, or their fusion. However, limited numbers of works have investigated cross-spectral matching or compared the iris biometric performance under both VL and NIR spectrum using unregistered iris images taken from the same subject. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work that proposes a framework for cross-spectral iris matching using unregistered iris images. To this end, three descriptors are proposed namely, Gabor-difference of Gaussian (G-DoG), Gabor-binarized statistical image feature (G-BSIF), and Gabor-multi-scale Weberface (G-MSW) to achieve robust cross-spectral iris matching. In addition, we explore the differences in iris recognition performance across the VL and NIR spectra. The experiments are carried out on the UTIRIS database which contains iris images acquired with both VL and NIR spectra for the same subject. Experimental and comparison results demonstrate that the proposed framework achieves state-of-the-art cross-spectral matching. In addition, the results indicate that the VL and NIR images provide complementary features for the iris pattern and their fusion improves notably the recognition performance.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||IPSJ Transactions on Computer Vision and Applications|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Nov 2016|