A novel photonic crystal fiber refractive index sensor with ultra wide detection range based on surface plasmon resonance effect

Yuwei Qu, Jinhui Yuan*, Shi Qiu, Xian Zhou, Binbin Yan, Qiang Wu, Bin Liu, Kuiru Wang, Xinzhu Sang, Keping Long, Chongxiu Yu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
7 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In this paper, a novel photonic crystal fiber (PCF) refractive index (RI) sensor based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) effect is proposed. With the full vector finite element method, the SPR-PCF RI sensor is designed, and the mode coupling effects between the X-polarization (X-pol) and Y-polarization (Y-pol) core modes and second-order surface plasmon polariton modes are analyzed. The simulation results show that the structure parameters of the proposed PCF have significant influences on the resonance wavelength drift and wavelength sensitivity (WS). Finally, in the RI range of 1.32 ~ 1.48, the average WSs of the X-pol and Y-pol core modes can reach − 4735.83 nm/RIU and − 4525.83 nm/RIU, respectively. Moreover, the maximum resolution (R) and figure of merits (FOM) of the X-pol and Y-pol core modes are 4.71 × 10−6 and 4.65 × 10−6 RIU, and 134 and 177 RIU−1, respectively. Compared with other reported results, the proposed SPR-PCF RI sensor can achieve wide detection range, high average WS, good linearity, high R, and large FOM, so it will have important applications in the fields of biochemistry, medicine, and environmental science.
Original languageEnglish
Article number169287
Number of pages11
JournalOptik
Volume262
Early online date19 May 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2022

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