A Pervasive Integration Platform of Low-Cost MEMS Sensors and Wireless Signals for Indoor Localization

Yuan Zhuang, Jun Yang, Longning Qi, You Li, Yue Cao, Naser El-sheimy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)


Location service is fundamental to many Internet of Things applications such as smart home, wearables, smart city, and connected health. With existing infrastructures, wireless positioning is widely used to provide the location service. However, wireless positioning has the limitations such as highly depending on the distribution of access points (APs); providing a low sample-rate and noisy solution; requiring extensive labor costs to build databases; and having unstable RSS values in indoor environments. To reduce these limitations, this paper proposes an innovative integrated platform for indoor localization by integrating low-cost microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) sensors and wireless signals. This proposed platform consists of wireless AP localization engine and sensor fusion engine, which is suitable for both dense and sparse deployments of wireless APs. The proposed platform can automatically generate wireless databases for positioning, and provide a positioning solution even in the area with only one observed wireless AP, where the traditional trilateration method cannot work. This integration platform can integrate different kinds of wireless APs together for indoor localization (e.g., WiFi, Bluetooth low energy, and radio frequency identification). The platform fuses all of these wireless distances with low-cost MEMS sensors to provide a robust localization solution. A multilevel quality control mechanism is utilized to remove noisy RSS measurements from wireless APs and to further improve the localization accuracy. Preliminary experiments show the proposed integration platform can achieve the average accuracy of 3.30 m with the sparse deployment of wireless APs (1 AP per 800 m 2 ).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4616-4631
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Issue number6
Early online date20 Dec 2017
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018


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