A polybenzimidazole/ionic-liquid-graphite-oxide composite membrane for high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells

Chenxi Xu, Xiaoteng Liu, Jigui Cheng, Keith Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Graphite oxide is successfully functionalised by 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane ionic liquid and used as a filler material in a polybenzimidazole (PBI) membrane for high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells. The ionic-liquid-graphite-oxide/polybenzimidazole (ILGO/PBI) composite membrane exhibits an appropriate level of proton conductivity when imbibed with phosphoric acid at low phosphoric acid loading, which promotes its use in fuel cells by avoiding acid leakage and materials corrosion. The ionic conductivities of the ILGO/PBI membranes at 175 °C are 0.035 S cm−1 and 0.025 S cm−1 at per repeat units of 3.5 and 2.0, respectively. The fuel cell performance of ILGO/PBI membranes exhibits a maximum power density of 320 mW cm−2 at 175 °C, which is higher than that of a pristine PBI membrane.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)922-927
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume274
Early online date28 Oct 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2015

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