A randomised controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of localised cooling treatments in alleviating perineal trauma:

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article reports a randomised controlled trial conducted at St James's University Hospital in Leeds comparing the effectiveness of cooling gel pads with ice packs and no localised treatment for relieving pain following perineal injury during childbirth.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4
Pages (from-to)373
Number of pages376
JournalMIDIRS Midwifery Digest
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2002

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