A Reliable and Efficient Encounter-Based Routing Framework for Delay/Disruption Tolerant Networks

Yue Cao, Ning Wang, Zhili Sun, Haitham Cruickshank

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)


This article addresses Delay/Disruption Tolerant Networking (DTN) routing under a highly dynamic scenario, envisioned for communication in Vehicular Sensor Networks (VSNs) suffering from intermittent connection. Here, we focus on the design of a high level routing framework, rather than the dedicated encounter prediction. Based on an analyzed utility metric to predict nodal encounter, our proposed routing framework considers the following three cases: 1) Messages are efficiently replicated to a better qualified candidate node, based on the analysed utility metric related to destination. 2) Messages are conditionally replicated if the node with a better utility metric has not been met. 3) Messages are probabilistically replicated if the information in relation to destination is unavailable in the worst case. With this framework in mind, we propose two routing schemes covering two major technique branches in literature, namely Encounter-Based Replication Routing (EBRR) and Encounter-Based Spraying Routing (EBSR). Results under the scenario applicable to VSNs show that, in addition to achieving high delivery ratio for reliability, our schemes are more efficient in terms of a lower overhead ratio. Our core investigation indicates that apart from what information to use for encounter prediction, how to deliver messages based on the given utility metric is also important.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4004-4018
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Issue number7
Early online date5 Mar 2015
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2015


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