A systematic review of lean implementation frameworks and roadmaps: lessons learned and the way forward

Hafeeza Mamoojee-Khatib*, Jiju Antony, Viraiyan Teeroovengadum, Jose Arturo Garza-Reyes, Guilherme Luz Tortorella, Monika Foster, Elizabeth A. Cudney

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
17 Downloads (Pure)


Purpose: The purpose of this study is to carry out a comprehensive systematic review of lean implementation frameworks and roadmaps developed over the past decade and report the key findings along with the limitations and the way forward. Design/methodology/approach: A systematic review methodology proposed by Tranfield (2003), was followed to identify the relevant works on the research topic. Articles were searched using a set of inclusion criteria in various databases including Google Scholar, Web of Science and Science Direct over a period of 30 years. Findings: The high failure rate of lean system implementation, reaching a range between 70 and 90% in almost all industries, is a matter of concern. This failure rate is still high even though numerous frameworks and roadmap models exist to streamline lean implementation. There is no standard framework or roadmap identified in the literature and many organisations are implementing lean in their unique ways. However, it would be desirable to develop a practical and systematic roadmap on lean-looking into the cultural and leadership dimensions rather than focusing on a set of tools. Moreover, most frameworks and roadmaps lack the sustenance aspects of lean implementation. Research limitations/implications: This research only identifies the fundamental gaps with the existing frameworks and roadmaps on lean implementation. The next phase of the research is to develop a roadmap and validate it with a number of organisations in different cultural contexts and leadership styles. Originality/value: The authors argue that this is one of the most comprehensive systematic review on lean frameworks and roadmaps, ever produced in the literature to date.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-24
Number of pages24
JournalTQM Journal
Early online date22 Dec 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 22 Dec 2023

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