A systematic review of video‐modelling interventions for children and adolescents with attention‐deficit hyperactivity disorder

Sarah Wilkes‐Gillan*, Reinie Cordier, Yu‐Wei Chen, Ruth Swanton, Natasha Mahoney, Concettina Trimboli, Elisa Yule, Elaine Tam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
114 Downloads (Pure)


To identify, appraise, and synthesise the evidence for video-modelling interventions for individuals with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

We searched four electronic databases. Two independent researchers screened abstracts and methodologically assessed data using the Kmet appraisal checklist.

A total of 15 studies met the inclusion criteria (11 original studies and four follow-up studies). Of the 11 original studies, one was a randomised controlled trial, one was a controlled between-group comparative design, two were one group pre-test post-test studies, one was an experimental 2 × 2 factorial design, and six were single-case experimental design studies. Studies included 1–35 participants with ADHD aged 5–16 years. Three studies targeted behaviour, three targeted social play skills, two targeted social behaviour, one targeted social skills, one targeted goal orientation and friendship quality, targeted and one attention/comprehension of social behaviour. In four studies video-modelling was the whole intervention, with no other intervention components reported. Nine studies reported positive outcomes immediately after intervention, two studies reported mixed findings. All studies were found to have good or strong methodological quality.

There is preliminary evidence to suggest video-modelling may be a promising intervention approach for targeting the social skills and behaviours of individuals with ADHD when used in conjunction with other intervention components. Future studies need to lower the risk of bias and use larger sample sizes before the efficacy of video-modelling interventions can be fully investigated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)454-471
Number of pages18
JournalAustralian Occupational Therapy Journal
Issue number5
Early online date9 Jul 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2021


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