This paper analyzes the development of victimology and the demands for protection of women by the feminist movement, so as to then identify the legal devices established by Maria da Penha Law aimed to the protection of the victim. From these theoretical contributions and the legislative initiative, this article analyzes the grounds adopted at the judgment of the Direct Unconstitutionality Action n. 4.424, which, in view of this need for protection of women, as well as the inefficiency of the State to implement mechanisms that ensure it, decided for the inapplicability of the Special Criminal Courts for the prosecution of crimes committed under the Maria da Penha Law, as well as decided that the nature of the criminal action for bodily injury would be public and unconditioned.
|Translated title of the contribution||Victimology and the Maria da Penha Law: legal predictions and legal practice|
|Title of host publication||O lugar da vitima nas ciencias criminais|
|Editors||Eduardo Saad-Diniz, Fransmar Costa Lima, Lauro Fabiano de Souza Carvalho|
|Place of Publication||São Paulo, Brasil|
|Number of pages||15|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|