Acceptability and deliverability of an auditory rhythmical cueing (ARC) training programme for use at home and outdoors to improve gait and physical activity post-stroke

Patricia McCue, Lisa Shaw, Silvia Del Din, Heather Hunter, Sue Lord, Christopher I. M. Price, Helen Rodgers, Lynn Rochester, Sarah Moore*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background
Although laboratory studies demonstrate that training programmes using auditory rhythmical cueing (ARC) may improve gait post-stroke, few studies have evaluated this intervention in the home and outdoors where deployment may be more appropriate. This manuscript reports stakeholder refinement of an ARC gait and balance training programme for use at home and outdoors, and a study which assessed acceptability and deliverability of this programme.

Methods
Programme design and content were refined during stakeholder workshops involving physiotherapists and stroke survivors. A two-group acceptability and deliverability study was then undertaken. Twelve patients post-stroke with a gait related mobility impairment received either the ARC gait and balance training programme or the gait and balance training programme without ARC. Programme provider written notes, participant exercise and fall diaries, adverse event monitoring and feedback questionnaires captured data about deliverability, safety and acceptability of the programmes.

Results
The training programme consisted of 18 sessions (six supervised, 12 self-managed) of exercises and ARC delivered by a low-cost commercially available metronome. All 12 participants completed the six supervised sessions and 10/12 completed the 12 self-managed sessions. Provider and participant session written records and feedback questionnaires confirmed programme deliverability and acceptability.

Conclusion
An ARC gait and balance training programme refined by key stakeholders was feasible to deliver and acceptable to participants and providers.

Trial registration
ISCTRN 12/03/2018.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1
Number of pages10
JournalArchives of Physiotherapy
Volume1
Early online date4 Jan 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 4 Jan 2022

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