Acute Blood Pressure Response to High- and Moderate-Speed Resistance Exercise in Older Adults With Hypertension

Carlos Leonardo Figueiredo Machado, Régis Radaelli, Clarissa Muller Brusco, Eduardo Lusa Cadore, Eurico N. Wilhelm, Ronei Silveira Pinto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An increase in blood pressure (BP) occurs during resistance exercise; attention to this response may be necessary in older individuals with hypertension. We compared the BP responses following high- (HSRE) and moderate-speed resistance exercise (MSRE) (4 × 8 repetitions at 60% one-repetition maximum) and control protocol in 15 older adults with hypertension. HSRE and MSRE increased systolic BP (SBP) by the end of each set compared with preexercise and control protocol. Immediately after the fourth set, a higher SBP was observed in MSRE than HSRE (147 ± 14 vs. 141 ± 12 mmHg; p = .01). Taking an exploratory analysis of the individual response, we observed that MSRE resulted in greater mean changes and number of SBP exposures to values ≥150 mmHg (22-fold) than HSRE (10-fold). Diastolic BP increased (p < .05) with exercise, but only MSRE increased compared with the control condition (p < .05). HSRE may be an alternative for individuals in which SBP peak should be avoided.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Early online date2 Dec 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 Dec 2021

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