Adoption and Handling Information Communication Technology as Instrumental Activities of Daily Living for Aging-in-Place in Chinese Older Adults

Frank HY Lai*, Angela Yuk-chung Tong, Elaine Wai hung Yan, Ada Wai-tung Fung, Kathy Ka ying Yu, Wing Sze Tsui, Cynthia Yuen-yi Lai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

(Background) The use of information communication technology and smartphone application are crucial to individuals’ functional independence of community living. Previous studies did not reveal how older adults’ in applying the information communication technology will affect their aging-in-place in our contemporary community.

(Methods) This study aimed at developing the psychometric properties of the instrument named Advanced Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (AIADL), and to explore the adoption and handling information communication technology in instrumental activities of daily living for aging-in-place of older adults. 100 home-living participants who are functionally and socially independent, 100 hostel-living participants who are functionally independent but need social assistance, and 100 care-and-attention home living participants who need environment support and assistance in daily functioning were recruited for this study.

(Results) AIADL showed good test-retest reliability and good-to-excellent internal consistency. Exploratory factor analysis revealed a two-factor structure with “home living and management” and “community living”. Validity analysis with the known-groups method showed a high overall accuracy of prediction of individuals’ capability of independent living in the community.

(Conclusions) AIADL is a valid and reliable instrument to assess older adults’ ability in handling contemporary instrumental activities in their daily life. This instrument can serve as a reference in measuring individuals’ ability of aging-in-place.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalBMC Geriatrics
DOIs
Publication statusSubmitted - 15 Oct 2020
Externally publishedYes

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