Adrenal Embryology, Anatomy, and Physiology

Donal Shanahan, Thomas William Jay Lennard

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The paired adrenal (suprarenal) glands are flattened retroperitoneal endocrine glands closely applied to the medial aspect of the superior pole of each kidney. The internal structure of these pale yellow glands are incongruous in that the adrenal gland is composed of two discrete parts, namely an outer cortex enveloping a central medulla. The adrenal cortex and medulla contain distinct endocrine tissues that secrete different hormones and are regulated by separate control systems.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEndocrine Surgery
EditorsJonathan Hubbard, William Inabnet, Chung- Yau Lo
Place of PublicationLondon
Number of pages611
ISBN (Print)978-1846288807
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Publication series

NameSpringer Specialist Surgery Series


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