AI Driven Heterogeneous MEC System with UAV Assistance for Dynamic Environment - Challenges and Solutions

Feibo Jiang, Kezhi Wang*, Li Dong*, Cunhua Pan, Wei Xu, Kun Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

By taking full advantage of Computing, Communication and Caching (3C) resources at the network edge, Mobile Edge Computing (MEC) is envisioned as one of the key enablers for the next generation networks. However, current fixed-location MEC architecture may not be able to make realtime decision in dynamic environment, especially in large-scale scenarios. To address this issue, in this paper, a Heterogeneous MEC (H-MEC) architecture is proposed, which is composed of fixed unit, i.e., Ground Stations (GSs) as well as moving nodes, i.e., Ground Vehicles (GVs) and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), all with 3C resource enabled. The key challenges in H-MEC, i.e., mobile edge node management, real-time decision making, user association and resource allocation along with the possible Artificial Intelligence (AI)-based solutions are discussed. In addition, the AI-based joint Resource schEduling (ARE) framework with two different AI-based mechanisms, i.e., Deep neural network (DNN)-based and deep reinforcement learning (DRL)-based architectures are proposed. DNN based solution with online incremental learning applies the global optimizer and therefore has better performance than the DRL-based architecture with online policy updating, but requires longer training time. The simulation results are given to verify the efficiency of our proposed ARE framework.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)400-408
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Network
Volume35
Issue number1
Early online date2 Dec 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

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