Ammonium perchlorate@graphene oxide/Cu-MOF composites for efficiently catalyzing the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate

Taixin Liang*, Xuejun Yang, Bo Liu, Ruidong Song, Fei Xiao, Yajun Yang, Dong Wang, Mengyao Dong*, Junna Ren, Ben Bin Xu*, Hassan Algadi, Yuanyuan Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The combustion behavior of ammonium perchlorate (AP) determines the combustion performance of propellant to a certain extent. Not only the addition of catalyst can change the thermal decomposition performance of AP, but also the combination mode of catalyst and AP can change the thermal decomposition behavior of AP. In this study, different catalysts and AP were prepared by mechanical mixing and spray drying composite, respectively. The results showed that compared with mechanical mixing, spray drying composites showed better catalytic performance on the thermal decomposition of AP. Compared with pure AP, all catalysts passivated the low temperature decomposition process of AP, while catalyzed the high temperature decomposition process of AP. At the heating rate of 5K/min, AP@GO/Cu-MOF-300 makes the high temperature decomposition temperature of AP advance by 105.49 ℃, the activation energy decreases from 194.66 kJ/mol to 101.51 kJ/mol, and the heat release increases nearly four times.
Original languageEnglish
Article number67
JournalAdvanced Composites and Hybrid Materials
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 17 Mar 2023

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