An Ambulance Service evaluation of Quality Control Measures based on patients‘ perception in Qatar

Glenhael Carolus, Kanhaiya Kumar Singh, Jalal Younes Abid, Guillaume Alinier

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Background: The lack of healthcare quality management poses significant legal and financial implications 1,2 . A proactive approach to systems improvement seems warranted and reasonable. It is not clear if current quality control measures are perceived by patients. The study aims to understand if any correlation exists in this respect in the context of patients using the Hamad Medical Corporation Ambulance Service in Qatar. Methods: A survey was distributed to adult patients transported by the Ambulance Service's emergency division to the Hamad General Hospital's See and Treat unit in Doha (n = 255). The patients had to be free from serious injury/illness, fully conscious, and with re-collection of the service received. The original SERVQUAL model 3 consisting of 5 dimensions (Reliability/Assurance/Tangibility/Empathy/Responsiveness) was modified and a 6th dimension (Quality Control) was added. The Spearman's rank correlation was used to test the strength between quality control (QC) and service quality responses. Results: The mean age was 33.46 years ( ± 9.62). Patients’ continent of origin distribution is presented in Table 1. The QC dimension was correlated with that of the SERVQUAL dimensions presented in Table 2. Most of the SERQUAL dimensions had strong correlations with QC. Interestingly, there was a weak correlation between Assurance/QC and a moderate correlation between Tangibility/QC. The results seem to be driven by providing service within promised timeframes, access to care, and patients’ perception of ambulance staff's willingness to help. Conclusion: An awareness of the variables with strong correlations is indicative of the significant impact QC measures have and the associated perception of importance held by patients. This study sheds light on the importance of evaluating quality processes and limiting internal costs. The number of patients by continent of origin did not enable valid statistical tests based on that variable. The Ambulance Service's QC measures appear to maintain favorable patients’ perceptions of services received.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Emergency Medicine, Trauma and Acute Care
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes


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