An Analysis of Blockchain Adoption in Zimbabwean Mining Land Title Management (MLTM) Using NVivo

David V. Kilpin, Eustathios Sainidis, Hamid Jahankhani*, Guy Brown

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


    Zimbabwe is home to an expansive ore reserve estimated at 13 million metric tonnes. Despite its long mining history spanning a century, only 580 metric tonnes have been extracted, indicating a massive reservoir of untapped potential [Goosen M (2023) Top 5 minerals produced in Zimbabwe. Energy Capital Power]. However, this potential is hindered by significant challenges, the foremost being the threat of mining land dispossession. This paper seeks to pave a way forward for Zimbabwe's mining sector by highlighting blockchain's transformative potential, provided robust governance supports this transition. The findings underscore that Zimbabwe's manual mining title system is outdated and rife with inefficiencies. The qualitative insights gathered from the diverse interviewees revealed a consensus: the present manual system is susceptible to manipulation, leading to title disputes that hamper operations and dent investor confidence. Furthermore, the pervasive sense of insecurity stemming from potential land dispossession discourages investment and disrupts community relations, exacerbating the challenges within a dynamic sector. Utilising NVivo for analysis, this research delves deep into the challenges inherent in the manual system of mining titles.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationCybersecurity Challenges in the Age of AI, Space Communications and Cyborgs
    Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 15th International Conference on Global Security, Safety and Sustainability, London, October 2023
    EditorsHamid Jahankhani
    Number of pages24
    ISBN (Electronic)9783031475948
    ISBN (Print)9783031475931
    Publication statusPublished - 19 Feb 2024
    Event15th International Conference on Global Security, Safety and Sustainability - Northumbria University, London Campus, London, United Kingdom
    Duration: 11 Oct 202312 Oct 2023
    Conference number: 15th

    Publication series

    NameAdvanced Sciences and Technologies for Security Applications
    ISSN (Print)1613-5113
    ISSN (Electronic)2363-9466


    Conference15th International Conference on Global Security, Safety and Sustainability
    Abbreviated titleICGS3-23
    Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
    Internet address

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