This study experimentally explores the thermal performance enhancement of portable electronics; based on the n-eicosane used as a phase change material (PCM) filled pin-fin heat sinks. A constant heat flux ranging from 0.79kW/m2 to 3.17kW/m2 is applied at the base of heat sink. Comparison was carried out with and without n-eicosane for finned and un-finned heat sinks. Four configurations of pin-fin heat sinks are tested at four different volumetric fractions of n-eicosane including no fin heat sink to quantify the effectiveness of pin-fins for cooling of electronics. Pin-fins of constant volume fraction (9% to the total volume of heat sink) are used as thermal conductivity enhancers (TCEs) within PCM as the PCM has very low thermal conductivity to dissipate heat. TCEs are made of aluminum. Pin-fin heat sinks of fin thickness of 1mm, 2mm and 3mm, are investigated to examine the effect of fin thickness, amount of n-eicosane and input heat flux for three different critical set point temperatures (SPTs). The findings indicated that inclusion of n-eicosane in pin-fin heat sink had viable performance to keep the temperature of mobile devices in comfortable zone. At lower heat inputs steady state operating conditions, uniform charging of PCM takes longer duration, and more phase duration of latent heat is achieved. Enhancement ratios revealed that 2mm thick pin-fin heat sink had the maximum thermal performance for reliable performance of electronic package.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Applied Thermal Engineering|
|Early online date||19 Dec 2017|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Mar 2018|