An experimental study on tool wear behaviour in micro milling of nano Mg/Ti metal matrix composites

Xiangyu Teng, Dehong Huo*, Islam Shyha, Wanqun Chen, Eugene Wong

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)
83 Downloads (Pure)


With the development of metal matrix composites (MMCs), the mechanical properties of MMCs with a small volume fraction of nano-sized particles were found to be even superior to that with a larger content of micron-sized particles. However, the improved mechanical properties of MMCs bring tremendous challenges such as premature tool failure in Ti machining process. This study exhibits an investigation on tool wear in micro milling of magnesium-based MMCs reinforced with 1.98 Vol.% of nano-sized titanium particles using 0.5-mm diameter two-flute tungsten carbide micro endmills. The tool wear was characterised both quantitatively and qualitatively by observing tool wear patterns and analysing the effect of cutting parameters on flank wear, reduction in tool diameter, cutting forces, surface roughness, and burr formation. A finite element model was established to understand matrix deformation and interaction between tool-particle and further explain the tool wear phenomena observed. Additionally, cutting performance using AlTiN coated and uncoated was also investigated. The results indicated that the main wear mechanisms were identified as flank wear and edge chipping due to abrasive wear and chip adhesion in uncoated micro endmills. These wear mechanisms were confirmed by chip formation process produced by finite element modelling (FEM). It was also observed that the largest tool wear occurred at the smallest feed per tooth (0.75 μm/tooth) and smallest wear occurred at the largest feed per tooth (3 μm/tooth). Also, the effect of BUE on tool wear and surface generation was studied.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2127-2140
JournalInternational Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Issue number5-8
Early online date19 Feb 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018


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