An extended shoving model for dynamic fluctuation of glass transition in amorphous polymer towards cooperative shape-memory effect

JingYun Liu, HaiBao Lu*, Ahmed Elmarakbi, Yongqing (Richard) Fu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
32 Downloads (Pure)


Phase transition theory is a powerful approach to study shape-memory effect (SME) and dynamic relaxation behavior in amorphous shape-memory polymers (SMPs) undergoing glass transition processes. However, previous studies are mostly limited to building-up of experimental models, mainly due to poor understanding of dynamic fluctuation of glass transition. In this study, the dynamic fluctuation of glass transition in the amorphous SMPs, whose thermodynamic SME is governed by the phase transition theory, was investigated using a shoving model. A constitutive relationship between potential energy and cooperatively rearranging region (CRR) volume is firstly developed to explore the working principle of phase transition in the thermodynamic SME of amorphous SMPs, based on the shoving model and AdamGibbs domain size model. Effect of CRR volume on the phase transition is further formulated using the strain function, and then employed to develop a constitutive stress-strain equation based on the extended Maxwell model. The working principles of cooperative SME and dynamic relaxation behaviors have been explored and discussed. Finally, effectiveness of the analytical results obtained using the proposed model has been verified using the experimental results of amorphous SMPs reported in literature.
Original languageEnglish
Article number20230067
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Issue number2273
Early online date24 May 2023
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2023

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