An initial exploration of fatigue as a predictor of quality of life in transplant athletes competing at national and international events

Daniel Rogerson, Scott Houghton, Julius Jooste, Mitchell Hogg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Supporting organ transplant recipients’ quality of life after surgery continues to be of interest to health researchers and applied practitioners. However, literature and guidance on the factors linked to quality of life in transplant recipient athletes remains underreported. This study aimed to identify significant predictors of quality of life in an international sample of organ transplant recipient athletes (N = 99, Mage = 53 ± 14). Adopting a cross-sectional design, we collected the study data during the 2019 World Transplant Games which consisted of demographic items, health, and physical activity-related measures (i.e., task and ego orientation, fatigue severity, assessment of physical activity, physical activity enjoyment). Predictor variables were summarised into three categories: demographic factors, sport-related factors, and levels of fatigue with physical and mental quality of life functioning as the outcome variables. Hierarchical regression analyses exposed fatigue to exert a significant negative influence on both mental and physical quality of life perceptions explaining 49% and 64% of the variance in these variables respectively. Routine measurement and monitoring of transplant athletes’ level of fatigue in sport settings are recommended due to the negative bearing on quality of life that may be a potential barrier to sport participation and enjoyment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Early online date22 Feb 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 22 Feb 2024

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