An innovative pressure swing adsorption cycle

Muhammad Wakil Shahzad*, Doskhan Ybyraiymkul, Muhammad Burhan, Seung Jin Oh, Kim Choon Ng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
25 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Over the last century, fresh water and cooling demand have been increased tremendously due to improved living standard, industrial and economic development. The conventional air-conditioning and refrigeration processes consume 15% of total global electricity and it is expected to increase any fold due to harsh weather conditions. In terms of fresh water supplies, the current 38 billion m3 per year desalination capacity is projected to increase to 54 billion m3 per year by 2030, 40% more compared to 2016. The current business as usual trend of cooling and desalination is not sustainable due to high energy consumption and CO2 emissions. In contrast, the adsorption (AD) cycle operate at low-grade waste heat or renewable energy and produce fresh water and cooling simultaneously. The major bottleneck of conventional thermally driven AD cycle is its large foot print and capital cost due to complex packed bed arrangements. We proposed pressure swing adsorption cycle (PSAD) that can utilize low-pressure steam (2-5 bar) for regeneration using thermal vapor compressor (TVC). The proposed system has best thermodynamic synergy with CCGT plants where low-pressure bleed steam can be utilized more efficiently to produce cooling and water. In this paper, a preliminary experimental investigation on PSAD has been presented. It is successfully demonstrated that 2 bar primary steam can regenerate silica gel at less then 0.5 kPa through TVC with compression ratio 3-4 and entrainment ratio around 1-1.5. The discharge steam can be re-utilized to operate the desalination cycle, maximizing the bleed steam exergy. The proposed system will not only reduce footprint but also CAPEX and OPEX due to simple design and operation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication10th International Meeting of Advances in Thermofluids, IMAT 2018 - Smart City
Subtitle of host publicationAdvances in Thermofluid Technology in Tropical Urban Development
EditorsArdiyansyah Yatim, Nasruddin, Muhammad Arif Budiyanto, Nyayu Aisyah, Muhamad Idrus Alhamid
Place of PublicationMelville
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics
Volume2062
ISBN (Electronic)9780735417908
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event10th International Meeting of Advances in Thermofluids - Smart City: Advances in Thermofluid Technology in Tropical Urban Development, IMAT 2018 - Kuta, Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 16 Nov 201817 Nov 2018

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2062
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference10th International Meeting of Advances in Thermofluids - Smart City: Advances in Thermofluid Technology in Tropical Urban Development, IMAT 2018
CountryIndonesia
CityKuta, Bali
Period16/11/1817/11/18

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