An overview of green synthesized silver nanoparticles towards bioactive antibacterial, antimicrobial and antifungal applications

Xianyun Gong, Nilesh D. Jadhav, Vishal V. Lonikar, Anil N. Kulkarni*, Hongkun Zhang, Babasaheb R. Sankapal, Juanna Ren, Ben Bin Xu, Habib M. Pathan*, Yong Ma, Zhiping Lin, Erin Witherspoon, Zhe Wang*, Zhanhu Guo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Present review emphatically introduces the synthesis, biocompatibility, and applications of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), including their antibacterial, antimicrobial, and antifungal properties. A comprehensive discussion of various synthesis methods for AgNPs, with a particular focus on green chemistry mediated by plant extracts has been made. Recent research has revealed that the optical properties of AgNPs, including surface plasmon resonance (SPR), depend on the particle size, as well as the synthesis methods, preparation synthesis parameters, and used reducing agents. The significant emphasis on the use of synthesized AgNPs as antibacterial, antimicrobial, and antifungal agents in various applications has been reviewed. Furthermore, the application areas have been thoroughly examined, providing a detailed discussion of the underlying mechanisms, which aids in determining the optimal control parameters during the synthesis process of AgNPs. Furthermore, the challenges encountered while utilizing AgNPs and the corresponding advancements to overcome them have also been addressed. This review not only summarizes the achievements and current status of plant-mediated green synthesis of AgNPs but also explores the future prospects of these materials and technology in diverse areas, including bioactive applications. [Abstract copyright: Copyright © 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.]
Original languageEnglish
Article number103053
JournalAdvances in colloid and interface science
Early online date26 Nov 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2024

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