An Overview of Metal-organic Framework Based Electrocatalysts: Design and Synthesis for Electrochemical Hydrogen Evolution, Oxygen Evolution, and Carbon Dioxide Reduction Reactions

S. Iniyan, Juanna Ren, Swapnil Deshmukh, K. Rajeswaran, G. Jegan, Hua Hou, Vembu Suryanarayanan, Vignesh Murugadoss, Murugavel Kathiresan, Ben Bin Xu, Zhanhu Guo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
55 Downloads (Pure)


Due to the increasing global energy demands, scarce fossil fuel supplies, and environmental issues, the pursued goals of energy technologies are being sustainable, more efficient, accessible, and produce near zero greenhouse gas emissions. Electrochemical water splitting is considered as a highly viable and eco-friendly energy technology. Further, electrochemical carbon dioxide (CO 2) reduction reaction (CO 2RR) is a cleaner strategy for CO 2 utilization and conversion to stable energy (fuels). One of the critical issues in these cleaner technologies is the development of efficient and economical electrocatalyst. Among various materials, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are becoming increasingly popular because of their structural tunability, such as pre- and post- synthetic modifications, flexibility in ligand design and its functional groups, and incorporation of different metal nodes, that allows for the design of suitable MOFs with desired quality required for each process. In this review, the design of MOF was discussed for specific process together with different synthetic methods and their effects on the MOF properties. The MOFs as electrocatalysts were highlighted with their performances from the aspects of hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), oxygen evolution reaction (OER), and electrochemical CO 2RR. Finally, the challenges and opportunities in this field are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202300317
Number of pages21
JournalChemical Record
Issue number12
Early online date6 Dec 2023
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

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