Analysis and demonstration of quasi trace orthogonal space time block coding for visible light communications

Mauro Biagi*, Navid Bani Hassan, Khald Werfli, Thai Chien Bui, Zabih Ghassemlooy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In the VLC context, pulse position modulation (PPM) and similar modulations are typically used when the overall complexity of the transmitter is required to be low or the system needs to support dimming, i.e., dynamically control the illumination level of the transmitter. However, despite the power efficiency of PPM, it is known to be bandwidth inefficient. Having known the trade-off between reliability and spectral efficiency, in this paper we propose a PPM-based space-time block coding (STBC) technique named as quasi-trace-orthogonal (QTO), derived from trace-orthogonal, to increase the spectral efficiency of PPM VLC's by limiting the reliability loss. We provide Monte-Carlo simulations for a 4×4 MIMO-VLC system and validate the results experimentally, and show that for a given signal-to-noise-ratio, the QTO-STBC based 4-PPM VLC system offers higher spectral efficiency at a cost of higher symbol error rate compared to trace-orthogonal STBC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9069940
Pages (from-to)77164-77170
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Access
Volume8
Early online date17 Apr 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Apr 2020

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