Dielectric elastomers are an emerging class of highly deformable electro-active materials employed for electromechanical transduction technology. For practical applications, the design of such transducers requires a model accounting for insulation of the active membrane, non-perfectly compliant behavior of the electrodes, or interaction of the transducer with a soft actuated body. To this end, a three-layer model, in which the active membrane is embedded between two soft passive layers, can be formulated. In this article, the theory of non-linear electro-elasticity for heterogeneous soft dielectrics is used to investigate the electromechanical response of multilayer electro-active tubes—formed either by the active membrane only (single-layer tube) or by the coated active membrane (multilayer tube). Numerical results showing the influence of the mechanical and the geometrical properties of the soft coating layers on the electromechanical response of the active membrane are presented for different constraint conditions.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures|
|Early online date||7 Nov 2018|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2019|