Analyzing the presence of homosexually-themed language amongst association football fans in the United Kingdom

Jamie Cleland*, Ellis Cashmore, Kevin Dixon, Connor MacDonald

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This article is based on the views of 2,663 association football fans, collected via an online survey from March 2020 to April 2020, regarding the presence of homosexually-themed language at men’s professional football matches across the United Kingdom. The results indicate that whilst 95% would support a gay player at their club, 41% have heard language they interpret as malicious or toxic, while 37% believe it is not intentionally hostile and ascribe it as playful and humorous banter. The article subsequently addresses what appears to be a paradox: football fans challenge popular accusations that they are homophobic but also recognize the presence of homosexually-themed language that emphasizes heteronormativity, irrespective of how it is interpreted by other fans.
Original languageEnglish
Article number216747952110058
JournalCommunication and Sport
Early online date21 Apr 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21 Apr 2021

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