Anomaly Detection for Internet of Things (IoT) Using an Artificial Immune System

Noe Elisa, Longzhi Yang*, Fei Chao, Nitin Naik

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Internet of Things (IoT) have demonstrated significant impact on all aspects of human daily lives due to their pervasive applications in areas such as telehealth, home appliances, surveillance, and wearable devices. The number of IoT devices and sensors connected to the Internet across the world is expected to reach over 50 billion by the end of 2020. The connection of such rapidly increasing number of IoT devices to the Internet leads to concerns in cyber-attacks such as malware, worms, denial of service attack (DoS) and distributed DoS attack (DDoS). To prevent these attacks from compromising the performance of IoT devices, various approaches for detecting and mitigating cyber security threats have been developed. This paper reports an IoT attack and anomaly detection approach by using the dendritic cell algorithm (DCA). In particular, DCA is an artificial immune system (AIS), which is developed from the inspiration of the working principles and characteristic behaviours of the human immune system (HIS), specifically for the purpose of detecting anomalies in networked systems. The performance of the DCA on detecting IoT attacks is evaluated using publicly available IoT datasets, including DoS, DDoS, Reconnaissance, Keylogging, and Data exfiltration. The experimental results show that, the DCA achieved a comparable detection performance to some of the commonly used classifiers, such as decision trees, random forests, support vector machines, artificial neural network and naïve Bayes, but with reasonably high computational efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 12th International Conference on Soft Computing and Pattern Recognition (SoCPaR 2020)
EditorsAjith Abraham, Yukio Ohsawa, Niketa Gandhi, M. A. Jabbar, Abdelkrim Haqiq, Seán McLoone, Biju Issac
Place of PublicationCham, Switzerland
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Pages858-867
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9783030736897
ISBN (Print)9783030736880
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event12th International Conference on Soft Computing and Pattern Recognition, SoCPaR 2020 and 16th International Conference on Information Assurance and Security, IAS 2020 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 15 Dec 202018 Dec 2020

Publication series

NameAdvances in Intelligent Systems and Computing
Volume1383 AISC
ISSN (Print)2194-5357
ISSN (Electronic)2194-5365

Conference

Conference12th International Conference on Soft Computing and Pattern Recognition, SoCPaR 2020 and 16th International Conference on Information Assurance and Security, IAS 2020
CityVirtual, Online
Period15/12/2018/12/20

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