An investigation into the evaporation of sessile droplets of latex and clay particle suspensions is presented in this work. The quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) has been used to study the interfacial phenomena during the drying process of these droplets. Characteristic changes of the crystal oscillating frequency and crystal resistance (damping of the oscillating energy) have been observed and related to the different stages of the evaporation process. Measurements have been made for latex particle sizes from 1.9 to 10 micron and for rough and polished crystals using drops from 0.3 to 1.5 microlitres. The behavior of the QCM is shown to depend strongly on the size of particles present and on the morphology of the crystal surface. One of the most striking features is a drastic damping of the oscillation energy and corresponding rise in frequency observed during the final stages of evaporation, particularly for the clay suspensions.
|Publication status||Published - 3 Feb 2004|