Assessment of alkaline treatment of palm kernel fiber and curing duration on selected properties of cement-paper composite boards

Abayomi Adewale Akinwande, Adeolu Adesoji Adediran*, Oluwatosin Abiodun Balogun, Olanrewaju Seun Adesina, Oluseyi Samuel Olasoju, Adebayo Felix Owa, Tunji John Erinle, Esther Titilayo Akinlabi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
14 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In a bid to develop a cheaper alternative material for particleboard, fiber/particulate reinforced cement-paper composites were produced. The paper-cement matrix had 12 wt. % of cement and the matrix was reinforced with 10 wt. % fixed amount of coconut shell powder and varied amount of palm kernel fiber (0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5 wt. %). Two separate groups of samples were produced; one containing untreated fiber (UPKF), in varied proportions of 0–2.5 wt. % and the second containing alkaline-treated fiber (TPKF), in varied proportion of 0–2.5 wt. % fiber. Samples produced were cured for 28 and 49 days and examined for physical, mechanical, and thermal properties as well as microstructural features. The result obtained revealed improvement in properties of samples as fiber proportion increased. Comparison of the properties obtained indicates that alkaline-treated samples gave a better performance than the untreated counterparts, which was reflected in the sum of property ratio for each mix. The value for TPKF samples was higher than the value for UPKF samples. Also, samples cured for 49 days had better performance than the ones cured for 28 days for both UPKF and TPKF. Evaluation of the three experimental variables, fiber addition, alkaline treatment, and curing length proved that curing was more effective in enhancing the properties of the composites developed, especially the mechanical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1909690
Number of pages25
JournalCogent Engineering
Volume8
Issue number1
Early online date26 Apr 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Cite this