Augmented reality based real-time subcutaneous vein imaging system

Danni Ai, Jian Yang, Jingfan Fan, Yitian Zhao, Xianzheng Song, Jianbing Shen, Ling Shao, Yongtian Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel 3D reconstruction and fast imaging system for subcutaneous veins by augmented reality is presented. The study was performed to reduce the failure rate and time required in intravenous injection by providing augmented vein structures that back-project superimposed veins on the skin surface of the hand. Images of the subcutaneous vein are captured by two industrial cameras with extra reflective near-infrared lights. The veins are then segmented by a multiple-feature clustering method. Vein structures captured by the two cameras are matched and reconstructed based on the epipolar constraint and homographic property. The skin surface is reconstructed by active structured light with spatial encoding values and fusion displayed with the reconstructed vein. The vein and skin surface are both reconstructed in the 3D space. Results show that the structures can be precisely back-projected to the back of the hand for further augmented display and visualization. The overall system performance is evaluated in terms of vein segmentation, accuracy of vein matching, feature points distance error, duration times, accuracy of skin reconstruction, and augmented display. All experiments are validated with sets of real vein data. The imaging and augmented system produces good imaging and augmented reality results with high speed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2565-2585
JournalBiomedical Optics Express
Volume7
Issue number7
Early online date13 Jun 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016

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