Eddy current pulsed thermography (ECPT) is an emerging nondestructive testing and evaluation (NDT&E) technique and has been applied for a wide range of conductive materials. In this paper, a single-channel blind source separation is proposed to process the ECPT image sequences. The proposed method enables: 1) automatically extract valuable spatial and time patterns according to the whole transient response behavior without any training knowledge, 2) automatically identify defect patterns and quantify the defects, and 3) to provide guidelines of choosing the optimal contrast functions that can improve the separation results. In this paper, both mathematical and physical models are discussed and linked. The basis of the selection of separated spatial and time patterns is also presented. In addition, an artificial slot and a thermal fatigue natural crack are applied to validate the proposed method.
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement|
|Early online date||4 Nov 2013|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2014|