Clustering is important in medical imaging segmentation. The number of segmentation groups is often needed as an initial condition, but is often unknown. We propose a method to estimate the number of segmentation groups based on mutual information, anisotropic diffusion model and class-adaptive Gauss-Markov random fields. Initially, anisotropic diffusion is used to decrease the image noise. Subsequently, the class-adaptive Gauss-Markov modeling and mutual information are used to determine the number of segmentation groups. This general formulation enables the method to easily adapt to various kinds of medical images and the associated acquisition artifacts. Experiments on simulated, and multi-model data demonstrate the advantages of the method over the current state-of-the-art approaches.
|Title of host publication||Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis|
|Editors||Jordi Vitria, Joao Sanches, Mario Hernández|
|Place of Publication||London|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|