Automatic generation of building information models from digitized plans

Omar Doukari, David Greenwood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)
23 Downloads (Pure)


This paper proposes a new approach to creating Building Information (BIM) models of existing buildings from digitized images. This automatic approach is based on three main steps. The first involves extracting the useful information automatically from rasterized plans by using image processing techniques that include segmentation, filtering, dilation, erosion, and contour detection. This information feeds the knowledge base of an expert system for BIM model generation. In the second step, using the knowledge base of the expert system, the information required to inform the BIM model can be deduced. The range of information thus obtainable can be extended beyond the examples given. The paper concludes with a discussion of the final stage: the automatic generation of an Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) information model with all the desired geometric, physical and technical information. This can be accomplished by using one of the available open-source application program interfaces (APIs). This stage is currently work-in-progress and will be the subject of a future publication.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103129
JournalAutomation in Construction
Early online date26 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2020


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