This study presents an automatic network balancing technique to limit the capacitive unbalance in resonant grounded power distribution systems (RGPDSs). The aim of this capacitive balancing technique is to minimise the unbalance current through the line to ground (which is the current through the neutral of the system) in order to automatically limit the neutral voltage. The proposed technique is designed by combining the weighted-sum technique and genetic algorithm (GA), where distributed switched capacitor banks (SCBs) are used for balancing RGPDSs. The proposed technique is employed to optimise available SCBs for limiting the network unbalance at the substation under a pre-defined threshold considering all possible network configurations. The unbalances at different locations of the network are also minimised to limit the system unbalance within the threshold due to minor changes in network parameters. Since the lifetime of capacitor banks relies on the switching, the proposed technique is designed in such a way that the system balance is achieved with the minimum switching. The performance of the proposed technique is evaluated through simulation studies in MATLAB/SimpowerSystems environment. Simulation results show that the proposed technique works well and capable to maintain the capacitive balance of the system with changes in network configurations.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||IET Generation, Transmission and Distribution|
|Early online date||7 Dec 2020|
|Publication status||Published - 22 Dec 2020|